In mythology, Oğuz Han is a hero who is accepted as the ancestor of the Turks. It is known that Turks living in the geography extending from Central Asia to Egypt, from Egypt to the Balkans come from this line. Oğuzlar consists of 24 sizes and among these, undoubtedly the most known height is Kayı. It is a fact that almost everyone knows that the Kayı clan is the founding element of the Ottoman State. So what would we say if we were going to list seven items about the Kayı height except this basic information? Let’s take a look at our list
1- The Kayi Tribe comes from the Bozok branch, one of the two branches of the Oghuzes.
What does Bozok and Kayı mean?
According to Oğuz Kağan Epic, Oğuz has two wives. Her first wife is a beautiful girl whom she finds and marries in an animal’s bucket on an island, and the other is another beautiful girl she finds in a blue light falling from the sky. Oğuz Kağan, who has three children from both of them, is the family Üçok branch that he found on the island, and the other is the Bozok branch, which derives from his wife from the sky. While the names of their children in the Üçok (terrestrial) branch are Deniz Han, Dağ Han and Gök Han, the names of children from the Bozok branch (celestial) are Gün Han, Ay Han and Yıldız Han. Kayı height is considered to have come from the son of Gün Han, who is the second wife of Oğuz, from Kayı.
2- What does Bozok and Kayı mean?
The word Bozok is derived from two words Boz and Ok. Boz means “gray color”. Ok, on the other hand, it is important for the nomadic Turkish societies to be the most important and skillfully used weapon. “Bosoh” means to rise to the language of the Mongols as one of the communities in Central Asia where Turks live as neighbors. The word Kayı is defined as “possessor of strength and might, as a force”.
3- What is the Kayi Tribe Honors (sacred animal) and its Stamp?
According to the information given in the section titled “History-i Oğuzân and Türkân” in Cami’üt-Tevarih, the work of historian Reşîdüddîn Fazlullah-ı Hemedânî, who lived in the end of the 13th century and in the first quarter of the 14th century, the Kayi tribe is his pride (sacred animal) hawks and falcons. The largest of them is ak sungur and ak is born. The Kayı stamp is the spelling of IYI (Kayı) in Göktürk language.
4- The Kayi Tribe entered Anatolia in the late 12th century.
In fact, the Kınık tribe is of great importance in the entry of Turks into Anatolia, which is the founding element of the state that we know as Seljuk from the Üçok branch. The Kınikler tribe is one of the first Turkish communities to arrive permanently in Anatolia, and the beginning of this process is generally considered to be the Battle of Manzikert, which took place towards the last quarter of the 11th century. The Kayi Tribe, which will later become the foundations of the Ottoman State, began to migrate to the region some time after the conquests began in Anatolia. Since it would not be correct to give a point date in this process, the arrival of the Kayı tribe in Anatolia can be described as the late 12th century.
5- There are different reasons for the Kayi tribe to migrate to Anatolia.
The real homeland of the Turks is Central Asia. However, over time, the Turks started to move towards the west and in different directions, due to many different reasons (conflicts with China, political conflicts between men, drought, nomadic lifestyle, etc.). There are several different reasons among the reasons for coming to Anatolia in the Kayi tribe. One of them is the Mongols who came from the east and reached a tremendous power during their period and their pressure. Another reason is the understanding of gas and jihad by the Turks who started to meet Islam in the 8th century. Again, after the collapse of the Great Seljuk State in 1157, the fact that the Abbasid State came to the fore in the region and that it was not wanted to be ruled by Arab rulers, albeit a Muslim, can be shown as the reason that the Kayı tribes approached the Turkish elements from the Seljuk State in Anatolia. During this period, Kayı support against the Abbasids was of great importance for the Turks.
6- The first stop of the Kayı Tribe in Anatolia is Ahlat.
Registration of tribal migration carried out in the first place and for the reasons mentioned above that today Turkey is located within the boundaries of the Ahlat district of Bitlis province. After the Kayı Tribe stopped for a short time, they first migrated to Erzurum and then to Erzincan. Then the executive gentlemen followed different routes of migration. One of them, Osman Gazi’s father, Ertuğrul Bey, decided to stay in Anatolia with a relatively small group. In order to preserve its homeland and acquire a dormitory, Anatolian Seljuk ruler Alaeddin Keykubat settled in Söğüt, which is within the borders of Bilecik today, and Domaniç, which is within the borders of Kütahya today. In this region, they started their adventure of “end principality”, which would later turn into the Ottoman Empire.
7- The lineages from the Kayi tribe still exist in different regions.
The members of the Kayı tribe generally; They settled in villages around Eskişehir, Mihalıççık, Orhaneli, Isparta, Burdur, Fethiye, Muğla, Aydın and Ödemiş. The Amuca Tribe (Amucalar), descended from Gündüz Alp (Gündüz Bey), the elder brother of Osman Gazi, continues to exist in various villages of Kırklareli and Tekirdağ, in Ertuğrul village of Balıkesir, in Southeastern Bulgaria.