Turkish Black Tea
Tea; It is a beverage prepared by boiling or boiling the flowers, stems, roots, bark or seeds of many different plants. Tea making consists of the fermentation, heating, drying and blending of the leaves of this plant with other fruits or plants, if desired. All are grown mainly in the eastern Black Sea coast of Rize in Turkey. Although it is possible to divide the teas into many categories, there are three basic types: white tea, green tea and black tea. Black tea is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. Because black tea prices are quite affordable compared to other varieties.
The Benefits of Tea
Tea has been the subject of many researches and thousands of articles have been published on its health benefits. Some of the benefits are:
It lowers bad cholesterol called LDL by reducing the risk of heart attack by 44%.
It is observed that if 3-4 glasses are consumed daily, it reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer in women.
The phytochemicals in it contribute to bone density, support bone structure and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
It has been determined that the polyphenols in black tea prevent the formation of bacteria, tooth plaque and enzymes that cause stickiness in the mouth.
Since it contains polyphenol, it prevents DNA damage and delays aging.
Drinking black tea with lemon adds antioxidant intake capacity.
If 2-3 glasses are consumed during the day, it minimizes the level of stress hormone cortisol.
Nutritional Value of Tea
Tea brewed in 180 milliliters of boiling water contains about 30 mg of caffeine. This amount increases as the infusion time increases. Macronutrients such as fat, protein and carbohydrates are almost nonexistent in the drink consumed. This mineral, rich in minerals, is a rich source for potassium and fluorine. One cup contains 60-70 mg of potassium and 0.13 mg of fluorine. It prevents sleepiness due to the caffeine it contains and makes the person more alert and careful. Despite the caffeine it contains, its stimulating effect on the nervous system may vary from person to person. Because, in the researches, it was found that some people could not sleep comfortably when they took 150-200 mg of caffeine. In addition, those who consume caffeinated beverages constantly have been observed to experience sleep disturbance, but this habit has not been evaluated within the scope of addiction.
Types of Tea
The basis of the teas is based on the Cemellia Sinensis plant. Hundreds of different types of tea are categorized according to their characteristic appearance, aroma and taste. The harvest of this plant, like wine and coffee, may differ from year to year depending on the seasonal conditions and the rate of precipitation. Teas are divided into basic categories in order to examine all their varieties better. The basic tea varieties are: Green tea, white tea, black tea, green tea, herbal teas and fermented teas. The main categories show how much the leaves of this drink are oxidized or fermented. Farmers expose the leaves of this plant to the air with different techniques and create certain flavors and flavors using their superior experience.
How Is Black Tea Brewed?
It is very important to follow the correct brewing steps to have a delicious tea. The brewing method of each tea is different and some of them are prepared by boiling and drunk. Some steps should be taken to brew black tea. These steps are as follows: One teaspoon of powdered tea per cup is added to the ceramic or glass teapot. When the drinking water put into the stove starts to boil, enough water is added to the teapot to pass the powder tea leaves. Then, a cube of sugar is added to the teapot and the taste is prevented. Water is added to the bottom of the teapot and the bottom of the hob is opened, when the water starts to boil, the bottom of the hob is reduced and left to brew for 15-20 minutes. If an intense taste is desired, the brewing time can be extended. It is recommended to consume it within half an hour to preserve its taste. Those who love tea with bergamot should adjust the amount to their own taste. If the aroma amount cannot be adjusted, it may hurt in taste. The most important secret of brewing this delicious drink is to use good water. The oxygen content found in the boiling water is an important element that increases the flavor of this drink and reveals its aroma. The most important point to be noted here is that the water that has cooled after boiling is not boiled again.