Turkish Ottoman Sword
Yatağan is a famous and influential type of sword that was widely used in the Ottoman period from the 16th century to the 19th century. It is also known as Turkish Sword among Foreigners and Kulaklı among the people. The sword’s center of gravity, the angle known as the Turkish curve in making swords, and its ideal stroke shape are different from other swords, making them difficult to use. But the power of destruction and chisel in the hands of a good user is much higher than the contemporary swords. It became a national sword among Serbs in the 19th century.
While Yatağan performs the defense and attack duties of any sword, it has many differences in form, structure and size. The head part of the hilt made of white or black bone, ivory, wood or horn is divided into right and left in the form of two wide ears. They prevent the mattress from getting out of hand during the move and give the gun a distinct aesthetic appearance. Because of this appearance, it is called as the eared among the people.
The handle of the hilt, which slopes parallel to the slope of the barrel, bends slightly and forms a nail that grips the hand, and there is no lump. A pistol grip forming a letter “Y” would merge with the barrel under a wide and thick metal bracelet, and the barrel would extend to the head in the hilt. In Yatağan, the barrel would be shorter than the familiar swords, and on the contrary, the concave edge would be sharp and the convex edge would be flat. Iron was generally used on the convex edge and steel on the sharp inner edge. The most important feature is that, like the machetes, the down side of the slope is sharp, not the long edge of the slope.
In Ottoman, it was carried as a weapon used by janissaries, infantry, and levites, in the bedroom of Yağan, inside the town, belt or armament. Their length is 60-80 cm. between. As with the swords, decorations with various vegetal geometric motifs were made on Yatağanlar and Yatağan scabbards and inscriptions were included in the cartridges. Silver, gold and precious stones are mostly used in decoration. The writings used in the inscriptions are not as high as in swords in terms of calligraphy. Especially in cheap and common beds, no craftsmanship was seen, the writings were sloppy and often misspelled. In Yatağan, motifs and writings are sometimes a poem, sometimes a quota, but mostly the verses, the name of the owner of the sword, the prayers and the stamp of the master who made the sword are seen. As a prayer, the name of the sword holder was usually written after “Ya Muhammed kılkâfaat” was written. They often had a blood trough. Due to the fact that the mouth of the bed is very sharp, a usage culture has developed over time. For example, if the owner of the bed and the other person is weak, he would interfere with the back of the bed, not the sharp mouth.
While Yatağan’s barrel motifs were engraved on the sword, two methods were generally used: In the first method, the gaps formed after the motifs were made with inlaid art were filled with molten gold or silver, and finally the surface was smoothed by grinding. However, this method is rare, and since the motifs are usually silver, the second method was applied. In this method, the shape of the desired motif was engraved on the sword after it was given to a thin silver wire.
Even if sloppy beds made of one piece of iron were made among the people, more than one master specialized in certain parts of the sword was needed to make quality mattresses suitable for the status of the owner. While a master was making the knife part, one was making the hilt, the other was sheath, and another was making the motifs. Motif masters were also divided into two as inlaid and wire worked.
Osman Bey, who was known as Yatağan Baba, who was a blacksmith Yatağan Baba, who was one of the Seljuk commanders, was conquered by the concave part while he was moving, and after settling Yatağan, which is now the city of Denizli, The swords that are produced in the town and which are known all over the world are said to be the father of the name. In many sources and documents, it is possible to find written information about the swords being made in Yatağan town. Although this information has parallels compared to the oral history in the town, it is known that the bedrooms were also produced in important cities of the Ottoman Empire, especially in Istanbul, Bursa and Plovdiv. It is a claim that has been said but not certain, that the Uzbeks were revealed by the Katağan tribe.
This area, now to be designated bed as before, remains on knife making one of Turkey’s most important centers. Nowadays, Yatağan is also produced as a souvenir for touristic purposes, but these are not in true Yatağan sizes, and their muzzle and hilt are very exaggerated.